Fun fact time! There is a difference between dry skin and dehydrated skin! Raise your hand if you know what it is. Too late I'm gonna tell you.
Dry skin is alipidic, or lacking in oil. Your skin is not producing enough protective oils to keep skin safe from environmental damage and aging. How do you know if your skin is dry? The pores on the face are usually very small and there is little natural oil produced from the follicles. Skin texture can be rough and feel tight.
How do you rectify dry skin? It's important to stimulate oil production (either through massage or an exfoliating peel of the top layer) and use occlusive products. Occlusive is simply a fancy term for sealing. Basically any oil based moisturizer that will lock in moisture to your skin to prevent any TEWL (transepidermal water loss)
But it's important to remember what you may think is dry skin might actually be dehydrated skin! Dehydrated skin is a lack of water and can be common in all skin types. It can be caused by a variety of factors including sun exposure, Diet, aging, or drying products. Dehydrated skin can also look dry and flaky and have a "crepe paper effect"
How do you hydrate skin? Drinking water is essential but it's not the only factor. Hydrating serums, masks and moisturizers can help. It is also important to include humectant ingredients (ingredients that draw water to the skin) like hyaluronic acid or sorbitol into your routine.
There you have it! Still not sure if your skin is dry or dehydrated? Your local Esthetician can help! The goal ether way is to hydrate and revitalize the skin!